They reached consensus on the obligatory nature of the appointment of the Imam, the only difference being as to whether it is obligatory on Allah or on people, with transmitted or intellectual evidence.
The position of the people of the Sunnah and the great majority of the Mu’tazilah is that it is an obligation on people because of:
1. evidence transmitted in his words, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in that which Muslim narrated in the hadith of Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, in this wording: “Whoever dies without an Imam dies the death of the time of ignorance,”
2. and because the Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, considered the most important of all matters to be the appointment of the Imam to such an extent that they gave it precedence over his burial, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,
3. and because there is no avoiding the necessity of the Muslims having an Imam who undertakes to execute their legal judgements, establish their hudud limits, protect their borders, equip their armies, take their zakat (sadaqat), conquer insurgents, thieves and brigands, establish the jumu’ahs and the eids, marry off young people who have no guardians, divide up the spoils of battle, and the similar duties of the shari’ah which individual members of the ummah cannot take upon themselves. (Mulla ‘Ali al-Qari, Minah ar-rawd al-azhar fi sharh al-Fiqh al-Akbar)
From: Abdassamad Clarke
The famous 5th Century Hijri, hadith compilation by Imam Al-Nawawi, The ahadith are predominantly from Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim (Other ahadith are from the reliable Books such as Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Muwatta Imam Malik). Considered by Many as the most important book after the Qur’an simply because it is a summary of authentic traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (upon him be peace).
Comprising of 1900 hadiths in 372 Chapters and 19 Sections: The Book of Good Manners – The Book about the Etiquette of Eating – The Book of Dress -The Book of the Etiquette of Sleeping, Lying and Sitting, etc.- The book of Greetings – The Book of Visiting the Sick – The Book of Etiquette of Traveling – The Book of Virtues – The Book of I’tikaf – The Book of Hajj – The Book of Jihad – The Book of Knowledge – The Book of Praise and Gratitude to Allah – The Book of Supplicating Allah to Exalt the Mention of Allah’s Messenger (phuh) – The Book of the Remembrance of Allah – The Book of Du’a (Supplications) – The Book of the Prohibited Actions – The Book of Miscellaneous Ahadith of Significant values – The Book of Forgiveness
About Imam al-Nawawi (d. 676/1277)
Imam Yahya ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi was Born in the village of Nawa in Southern Syria, Imam Nawawi spent most of his life in Damascus where he lived in a simple manner, devoted to Allah, engaging single-mindedly in worship, study, writing and teaching various Islamic sciences. .
Although best known for his works in hadith, Yahya ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi (d. 676/1277) was also the Imam of the later Shafi’i school of Jurisprudence, and widely acknowledged as the intellectual heir to Imam Shafi’i. He was a renowned scholar and jurist who dedicated his life to the pursuit of Islamic learning. Imam Nawawi died at the young age of 44 years, leaving behind him numerous works.
(Courtesy of Central Mosque)
Filed under Aqidah/Belief, Character, Downloads, Fiqh, Hadith, Hijab, Islam, Jihad, Marriage, Nikah, Quran, Ramadhan, Religion, Seeking knowledge, Sunnah, Tasawwuf, Zakah