Praise be to Allaah, and blessings and peace be upon the Messenger of Allaah.
The month of Safar is one of the twelve Hijri months, and it is the month which comes after Muharram. Some of the (scholars) said that it is so named because of the emptying (isfaar) of Makkah (i.e., its people would all leave) when they travelled during this month. It was also said that this month is named Safar because they used to raid other tribes at this time, and they would leave those whom they encountered bereft of their possessions (sifran min al-mataa’) – i.e., they would take all their belongings away and they would leave them with nothing.
(See Lisaan al-‘Arab by Ibn al-Mandhoor, part 4, p. 462-463)
Our discussion of this month will cover the following points:
1. What has been narrated concerning it from the Arabs of the Jaahiliyyah.
2. What has been narrated in Islam that contradicts the views of people of the Jaahiliyyah concerning this month.
3. Innovations and corrupt beliefs concerning this month that exist among people who claim to be Muslims.
4. What happened in this month of military campaigns and important events in the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
5. False ahaadeeth that have been narrated concerning Safar.