Introduction to Hadith: al-Muhaddith ‘Abdul Haqq al-Dehlawi (الْمُقَدَّمَة لِلشَّيْخِ عَبْدِ الْحَقِّ الدِّهْلِوِيُِّ)

The knowledge of Hadeeth is amongst the noblest of knowledges. Its importance is great as well. One can not understand the Quraan without the Hadeeth. From the benefits of spending ones time involved with the study of Hadeeth is that it will enable a person to implement the Sunnah of our beloved prophet Muhammad, prayers and peace be upon him in his life more and more. Many of the scholars of this Ummah have spent their time in serving this science of Hadeeth in one way or another. This text serves as a primer to the science of Hadeeth. It introduces some of the terminologies used by the scholars of Hadeeth. The Hadeeth are integral to the Deen. This is true to such an extent that once a group had appeared and labeled themselves as “Ahlul-Quraan” {The people of Quraan}; claiming to only follow the Quraan and not the Hadeeth, after thorough research the verdict was given, by the scholars of their region, of kufr{disbelief}! Interestingly enough this deviant group’s and their leader’s coming was prophesized by Sayyidunaa Muhammad, prayers and peace be upon him. Al-Imaam At-Tirmidhi narrates in his “Al-Jaami’” a Hadeeth which indicates this.

The author of this text happened to be from the Indian subcontinent. Due to this a brief history will be mentioned of the Hadeeth sciences in that region of the world. During the time of the caliphate of Al-Waleed1, Muhammad Bin Qaasim Ath-Thaqafi gained victory of the “Sind” region. At this time the ‘Arabs who had come began teaching Hadeeth. Then the Ghaznawis entered and brought with them fortune telling and poetry. After this many people had come and tried to revive the Hadeeth sciences but were not very successful. Later some scholars from within decided to leave and go to the ‘Arab world and learn. From them was Muhammad Bin Taahir, whose teacher was a big scholar in Hadeeth. He, himself, became an accomplished Hadeeth scholar and authored many works in that field in the Arabic language. From these works are: “Ghareebul-Hadeeth” and “Al-Mughni fee Asmaa ir-Rijaal”. ?He was the teacher of Ash-Shaykh Waliyyullah Bin Abdir-Raheem who taught his son Abdul-‘Azeez, and grandson Ismaa’eel. Ash-Shaykh Ismaa’eel became the teacher of Abdul-Haqq, the author of this text. Later in this chain of scholars came a scholar by the name of Al-Gangohi who was so strict in regards to innovation that when an annual practice occurred in his city that contravened the Sunnah he would leave the city! This occurred until the last year of his life where he was too sick to travel so he confined himself to his home and isolated himself from the people. From this time one of his contemporaries began founding of Daarul-‘Uloom Deobund, which was established to defend the prophetic Hadeeth.

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(Courtesy of at-Talib)

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Filed under Aqidah/Belief, Arabic, Downloads, Fiqh, Hadith, History, Islam, Quran, Religion, Seeking knowledge

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